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Reading / Beginning

Full Report pdf (816 KB) || Educator's Summary pdf (354 KB)

Limited Evidence Programs

Program Ratings

Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Strong Evidence of Modest Effects

Rating Program Type Description Contact / Website
limited evidence Direct Instruction Curr + IP An approach to beginning reading instruction that emphasizes a step-by-step approach to phonics, decodable texts that make use of a unique initial teaching alphabet, and structured, scripted manuals for teachers. E-mail: info@nifdi.org
Website: www.nifdi.org

limited evidence Open Court Reading Curr A basal text book series that uses phonetic readers in early grades, a focus on direct instruction of specific skills throughout the program, scripted teachers’ manuals, teacher training, and follow-up. Complete contact form at: www.sraonline.com/customerservice_feedback.html
Website: www.sraonline.com/oc_home.html
limited evidence Scholastic Phonics Readers with Literacy Place Curr A supplementary phonics instructional program designed as an optional addition to Literacy Place, Scholastic’s basal reading text, that incorporates phonetic texts to provide intensive phonics practice in the context of engaging stories. Complete contact form at: www.scholastic.com/custsupport/contact_us.htm
Website: teacher.scholastic.com/literacyplace
Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Weak Evidence with Notable Effects
Rating Program Type Description Contact / Website
limited evidence Classwide Peer Tutoring IP A cooperative learning approach in which children regularly work in pairs, engage in structured tutoring activities, and frequently reverse roles. E-mail: greenwood@ku.edu
limited evidence Early Reading Research IP A whole-class reading program in which children are taught as a whole class, rather than in small reading groups. Teachers are given professional development in structured, systematic methods of teaching phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, comprehension, and oral reading. E-mail: j.e.solity@warwick.ac.uk
limited evidence Four Blocks IP A professional development approach in which teachers in grades 1-3 use nonability-grouped, multi-level instruction. E-mail: fourblocks@carsondellosa.com
Website: www.four-blocks.com
limited evidence Ladders to Literacy IP A professional development program for kindergarten that focuses on phonics and phonemic awareness, rhyming, and letter sounds. Teachers receive extensive training and follow-up. E-mail: anotari@wri-edu.org
Website: www.wri-edu.org/ladders/about.htm
limited evidence Lexia Learning Systems IT Computer software designed to help beginning readers learn word-attack skills. Children work independently at computer stations through an individualized, structured series of activities that progress from words in isolation to sentences and paragraphs.
E-mail: info@lexialearning.com
Website: www.lexialearning.com
limited evidence Open Court Phonics Kit Curr Provides teachers with extensive training and materials to teach phonics skills. Complete contact form at: www.sraonline.com/customerservice_feedback.html
Website: www.sraonline.com/products.html?tid=7&sid=675
limited evidence Orton-Gillingham approach IP A structured, phonetic reading approach that uses multisensory teaching, emphasizing visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile teaching strategies. E-mail: info@ortonacademy.org
Website: www.ortonacademy.org
limited evidence Reading and Integrated Literacy Strategies (RAILS) IP Provides children in grades K-2 with a second reading period each day to supplement their 60-90 minute reading, and provides teachers with extensive professional development focusing on explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension, and vocabulary. E-mail: RJS15@PSU.EDU
limited evidence Sing, Spell, Read, and Write IP A phonetic approach to beginning reading and writing instruction that uses songs, phonetic storybooks, and systematic, step-by-step development of word attack skills. E-mail: k12cs@custhelp.com
Website: www.pearsonschool.com

Curr=Reading Curriculum; CAI=Computer Assisted Instruction; IP=Instructional Process Program; Curr+IP=Combined Curriculum and Instructional Process Programs.

Evidence Rating:

See Review Methods for an explanation of Ratings.

limited evidenceLimited Evidence of Effectiveness: Strong Evidence of Modest Effects

limited evidenceLimited Evidence of Effectiveness: Weak Evidence with Notable Effects


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