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Reading / English Language Learners (2012 Report)

Limited Evidence Programs

Limited Evidence of Effectiveness
Rating Program Description Website
limited evidence Bilingual Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (BCIRC)
Disseminated as Reading Wings by the Success for All Foundation
BCIRC was an adaptation of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition, an upper-elementary reading program based on principles of cooperative learning that had been successfully evaluated in several studies.


limited evidence Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) Key components of PALS include partner reading with story retell, paragraph shrinking, prediction relay, and terms and points. kc.vanderbilt.edu/pals
limited evidence Direct Instruction (DI) A reading program that starts in kindergarten with very specific instructions to teachers on how to teach beginning reading skills. It uses reading materials with a phonetically controlled vocabulary, rapidly-paced instruction, regular assessment, and systematic approaches to language development. www.nifdi.org
limited evidence Instruction with Key Vocabulary This intervention involved introducing 12 vocabulary words each week using a variety of strategies, such as charades, 20 questions, discussions of Spanish cognates, word webs, and word association games. N/A
limited evidence Improving Comprehension Online (ICON) An internet-delivered vocabulary and comprehension intervention that targets both English-speaking and Spanish-dominant students. www.cast.org/research/projects/icon.html
limited evidence Academic Language Instruction for All Students (ALIAS) A text-based academic language program designed to build knowledge of words incrementally over time by providing multiple exposures to the words in different forms and in different meaningful context. isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=
limited evidence Enhanced Language Arts Transition Program An enhanced version of a language arts program for grades 2-5 with 12 key instructional components in three key areas: studying literature, skill building, and other supporting components. N/A
limited evidence English Language and Literacy Acquisition (ELLA) An intervention comprised of three tiers: Tier I is the regular language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies instruction; Tier II is the English intervention; and Tier III is intensive English tutorials delivered in small groups by highly qualified paraprofessionals for low-performing students. ldn.tamu.edu/project_ella
limited evidence Language and Literacy Curriculum An intervention focused on developing students’ literacy skills as well as their oral language proficiency skills, including listening comprehension and vocabulary and providing more practice reading connected text. N/A
limited evidence Small Group Tutorials with Direct Instruction A small group supplemental tutorial program that used two forms of DI, Reading Mastery and Corrective Reading, for Hispanic and non-Hispanic children who were struggling in reading. N/A
limited evidence An Explicit, Systematic Supplemental Reading Intervention A supplemental program in which trained bilingual teachers provided systematic and explicit instruction in phonemic awareness and phonics applied to word and text reading in English. N/A
limited evidence Literacy Express Preschool Curriculum A comprehensive preschool program designed to improve young children’s oral language, emergent literacy skills, and socio-emotional development. It provides intensive small-group instruction to ELLs. N/A
limited evidence Read Naturally A supplementary reading program aimed at improving reading fluency using a combination of books, audiotapes, and computer software for elementary and middle school students. www.readnaturally.com
limited evidence Read Well Combines systematic, explicit phonics instruction with practice in decodable text and contextualized vocabulary and comprehension instruction. www.voyagerlearning.com/readwell
limited evidence Phonics-based supplemental reading intervention Scripted lessons are provided to a tutor. Each lesson focuses on several key components including letter-sound correspondences, phoneme decoding, irregular words, spelling, and oral reading practice. N/A

*Evidence Rating:

See Review Methods for an explanation of Ratings.

limited evidenceLimited Evidence of Effectiveness


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