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Reading / Middle and High School

What reading programs have been proven to help middle and high school students to succeed? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on four types of programs designed to improve the reading achievement of students in grades 6-12:*

  • Reading Curricula (Curr), such as LANGUAGE!, McDougal Littel, and other standard and alternative textbooks.
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI), such as Jostens/Compass Learning, and Accelerated Reader.
  • Instructional Process Programs (IP), such as cooperative learning, strategy instruction, and other approaches primarily intended to change teachers’ instructional methods rather than curriculum or textbooks.
  • Combined CAI and Instructional Process Models (CAI + IP), such as READ 180 and Voyager Passport.

Full Report
Slavin, R.E., Cheung, A., Groff, C., and Lake, C. (2008). Effective reading programs for middle and high schools: A best evidence synthesis. Reading Research Quarterly, 43, 3, 290-322.

* Note: This summary is a slight update of the article published in the Reading Research Quarterly.

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Full Report  (PDF, 197KB)
Educator's Summary  (PDF, 267KB)


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