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Reading / Upper Elementary

What reading programs have been proven to help students in grades 2-5 to succeed? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on three types of programs designed to improve the reading achievement of students in grades 2-5:

  • Reading Curricula (Curr), such as Open Court, Harcourt, Reading Street and other standard and alternative textbooks
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI), such as Jostens/Compass Learning and Accelerated Reader.
  • Instructional Process Programs (IP), such as cooperative learning and classroom management and motivation approaches, and cross-age tutoring.

Full Report
Slavin, R.E., Lake, C., Cheung, A., & Davis, S. (2009, June). Beyond the basics: Effective reading programs for the upper elementary grades. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University, Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education.



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Full Report Upper Elementary Reading Full Report (PDF, 2.2 MB)
Educator's Summary Upper Elementary Reading Educator's Summary (PDF, 399 KB)


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